Identification of sunflower pathogenic fungus Plenodomus lindquistii using PCR with species-specific oligonucleotide primers
Keywords:molecular diagnostic, Phoma black stem, sunflower
Plenodomus lindquistii causes Phoma black stem of sunflower which is the most common stem disease of this crop in Russia. The diagnostics of both field specimens and pure cultures of P. lindquistii is troublesome. Molecular methods involving the use of the PCR are rapid diagnostic express tests that can precisely identify and detect fungal species. The aim of this study was to develop species-specific oligonucleotide primers for selective amplification of P. lindquistii DNA. The primers LepliF2/LepliR2 were designed on the basis of ITS region analysis and showed stable amplification of the target fungus DNA with no cross-reaction with other fungal species. The primers are recommended for express detection of the causative agent of Phoma black stem of sunflower. This is the first PCR assay that could be used to rapidly reveal and identify this pathogen.