Greenbug resistance in oat landraces from Central Asia
Keywords:oat, Schizaphis graminum, genes for resistance, plant breeding
The greenbug (Sсhizaphis graminum) is a dangerous pest of cereals in Southern Russia. Breeding of resistant varieties is an effective and eco-friendly way to control this insect. Its differential interaction with host plants substantiates the search for new resistance donors. We evaluated 276 accessions of oat landraces from Central Asian countries (Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Turkmenistan) to the Krasnodar population and respective isolated clones of the aphid. We identified two pest resistant accessions from Kazakhstan (k-6945 and k-8691) and found 133 accessions from Kazakhstan being heterogeneous including 77 forms with high and moderate resistance and 56 – with only moderate resistance. All accessions from Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan were susceptible to Sсh. graminum. Accession k-9993 from Kyrgyzstan was heterogeneous in terms of resistance. A wide variation in the damage degree of the most oat forms was mostly due to the virulence heterogeneity of the aphid population. Damage evaluation of 15 accessions from Kazakhstan by Sсh. graminum clones showed that the alleles of greenbug resistance genes of these forms differ from the previously identified Grb1 and Grb3 genes.